The Baltic Way was a peaceful and unique demonstration for the freedom of the Baltic nations. On August 23, 1989, about two million people from Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania (one-fourth of the populations at the time) joined hands over a distance of 600 kilometres.
This human chain, linking the three Baltic capitals of Tallinn, Riga, and Vilnius, was to protest the Soviet occupation on the 50th anniversary of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the secret agreement between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany. The Pact divided Europe and forcibly kept the Baltic countries
behind the Iron Curtain. The Baltic countries, first having established their modern statehood in 1918, regained their independence in 1990-91, and the Baltic Way was a major milestone on their road to regained freedom.